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Chancellors' Report

Meghalaya Government Act



EM-203: Environmental Issues and Problems of North East India

Unit I: Population Growth, variation among nations; Population Explosion; Family Welfare programme; Environment and Human Health; Human Right; Value Education; HIV/AIDS; Women and Child Welfare.

   Changes in Forest Composition and Cover; Biodiversity loss and conservation measures; Impact of introduction of high yielding varieties, use of fertilizers and pesticides, issues and problems associated with shifting cultivation and industrialization

Unit II: Environmental Impact of coal and lime stone mining, quarrying of sand from hills and rivers; Extraction of petroleum and natural gas; Environmental and socio-economic implications of mega hydro-electric projects; issues relating to conservation of Ramsar sites of north-east India: Loktak lake, Deep beel; Environmental and socio-economic impact of plantation and cash crops; Impact of tourism, social conflicts and environment

Unit III: Principals of Sustainable; the Principal of Intra-generation Equity, the Principal of inter-generational Equity, Characteristics of Sustainability; Substitution, Renewability, Institutional commitment, Adaptability, Interdependence, Biological Resources, Reduction of Pollution, Reduce, Reuse, Recycle Approach, Population Control, Consumerism, Business, Decision Making

Unit IV: Common Property Resources and Tribal Economy; Traditional System of Forest Management, Community Forest Management; Forest Policies; National Forest Policies, State Forest Policies and Autonomous District Council Forest Policies.


  1. W.W.Collins and C.O.Qualset 1998 Biodiversity in Agro-ecosystem, CRC, Boston
  2. V.K.Krishnamuirthy 2003 Text Book of Biodiversity, Chennai: Science Publisher
  3. O.P.Singh 2006 Environment and Natural resources,N.Delhi: Regency Publications.
  4. B.K.Tiwari and C.Kumar 2008 Forest products of Meghalaya, Shillong: Regional Centre, NAEB
  5. O.P Singh 2005 Mining Environment, New Delhi: Regency Publications
  6. P.S. Ramakrishnan,K.G.Saxena, S.Patnaik andf S.Singh 2003 Methodological Issues in Mountain research, New Delhi:Oxford & INH Publishing
  7. B.K.Tiwari, S.K.Barik and R.S.Tripathi 1999 Sacred Forests of Meghalaya, Shillong: Regional Centre,NAEB
  8. P.S.Ramakrishnan,A.N.Purohit, K.G Saxena, and R.K.Maikhuri 1996 Conservation and Management of biological resources in Himalaya, GBPIHED, New Delhi: Almora and Oxford & IBH Publishing.
  9. K.G Saxena, Luohui Liang and K.Rerkasem 2007 Shifting Agriculture in Asia, Dehradun: BS MPS
  10. P.S. Ramakrishnan 2000 Mountain Biodiversity, Land Use Dynamics and Traditional Ecological Knowledge, New Delhi: Oxford and IBH

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